How to Link Aadhaar card to PAN

As per a Supreme Court judgment passed on 9 June 2017, if you have Aadhaar, it is mandatory to link it to PAN and mention the same in your tax returns. However, if you don’t have Aadhaar, you can e-file tax returns without the same for FY2016-17

We can link our Aadhaar and PAN through SMS also. The Income Tax Department has urged taxpayers to link their Aadhaar with their PAN, using an SMS-based facility. It can be done by sending an SMS to either 567678 or 56161.

People can also visit the official e-filing website of the department to link the two identities, in both the cases– identical names in the two databases or in case where there is a minor mismatch.

The Income Tax Department has made it easy for taxpayers to link their PAN with Aadhaar with just a 2 step process which does not even require  to login or register at the e- filing website. This facility can be used by anyone to link their Aadhaar with PAN.

2 step process to link Aadhaar with PAN

Step 1 :

Just go to www.incometaxindiaefiling.gov.in and click on the link on the left pane – Link Aadhaar

Step 2 :

Provide PAN, Aadhaar no. and ENTER NAME EXACTLY AS GIVEN IN AADHAAR CARD (avoid spelling mistakes) and submit. After verification from UIDAI which is the government website for Aadhaar, the linking will be confirmed.

In case of any minor mismatch in Aadhaar name provided, Aadhaar OTP will be required. Please ensure that the date of birth and gender in PAN and Aadhaar are exactly same.

In a rare case where Aadhaar name is completely different from name in PAN, then the linking will fail and taxpayer will be prompted to change the name in either Aadhaar or in PAN database

The process of linking Aadhaar with PAN is also available after login to the income tax website.Following are the steps for this :

Step 1.

First register yourself at the income tax e filing portal, if you are not already registered.https://incometaxindiaefiling.gov.in/

Step 2.

Log in to the e-Filing portal of the Income Tax Department by entering the log-in ID, password and date of birth

Step 3.

On logging in to the site, a pop up window will appear prompting you to link your PAN card with Aadhaar card. If you don’t see the popup, go to blue tab on the top bar named ‘Profile Settings’ and click on ‘Link Aadhaar’.

 

Step 4.

Details such as name, date of birth and gender will already be mentioned as per the details submitted at the time of registration on the e-Filing portal. Verify the details on screen with the ones mentioned on your Aadhaar card.

Step 5.

If the details match, enter your Aadhaar card number and captcha code and click on the “Link now” button.

 

 

 

Role of Chemistry in Agriculture

Dr V. K. Chhibber

Dean Chemistry, BFIT

Introduction

The basic need of human being is food. It is the agriculture only which fulfils this need for the entire population of the world. Plants are called producers as they synthesize their own food using COfrom air and water from soil utilizing sunlight as source of energy by a process known as photosynthesis. The rest of the food chain consists of consumers only. The practice of producing crops and livestock from the natural resources of the earth is called Agriculture. Modern agriculture includes agronomy, horticulture, animal husbandry, dairying, soil chemistry, etc.

Chemistry deals with compounds, both organic and inorganic, and agriculture deals with the production of organic products using both organic and inorganic inputs Thus Chemistry forms an integral part of agriculture from molecular to organ level. It plays a role from the basics of photosynthesis to the utilization of agricultural produce. The advancements in this practice is only because of active research carried out in chemistry and then its applications to cause the land to produce more abundantly and at the same time to protect it from deterioration and misuse. Role of Chemistry in agriculture can be classified as follows:

Photosynthesis:   This natural process provides the basic building block for all the agricultural products. The overall process is best shown by the net equation. 6CO2 + 6H2O ==> C6H12O6 + 6O2 . No chemical process is more important to life on Earth than photosynthesis. Without photosynthesis, not only would there be no plants, the planet could not sustain life of any kind. Research in this area has led to understanding the mechanism and hence to optimize conditions for maximization of this process.

Fertilizers: Fertilizer is any organic or inorganic material of natural or synthetic origin that is added to a soil to supply one or more plant nutrients essential to the growth of plants. A recent assessment found that about 40 to 60% of crop yields are attributable to commercial fertilizer use.

Fertilizers can be divided into two categories: organic and inorganic. Organic fertilizers are derived from living systems and include animal manure,fish and bone meal, and compost. These organic fertilizers are decomposed by microorganisms in the soil to release their nutrients for use by plants. Chemical fertilizers are less complex and have high concentrations of chemicals that may be in short supply in the soil namely  nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium,  calcium, magnesium and sulfur. Fertilizers also provide micro nutrients which are required in much smaller quantities namely boron, chlorice, copper, iron, manganese, molybdenum and zinc.

Inorganic fertilizer is synthesized using the Haber-Bosch process, which produces ammonia as the end product. This ammonia is used for other nitrogen fertilizers, such as anhydrous ammonium nitrate and urea. Now fertilizers with slow release of nutrients have been developed.

Appropriate use of fertilizers to increase crop yield has counterbalanced loss of land due to urbanization and significantly supported global population growth, It has been estimated that almost half the people on the Earth are currently fed as a result of synthetic nitrogen fertilizer use.

Pesticides and Insecticides: In order to minimize the damage of the crops by pests a large variety of chemicals known as pesticides are used. Subclasses of this are herbicides, insecticides, fungicides, rodenticides, pediculicides, and biocides depending on its target. With active research in this field safer and greener pesticides are being developed

Insecticides are chemicals that are used to kill insect because they can spread livestock diseases, can eat stored grain, and can feed on growing crops. However not all insects are harmful, and certain species of insects are needed to pollinate plants to ensure that they set seed.

These chemicals prevent crop losses to insects and other pests. One study found that not using pesticides reduced crop yields by about 10%. Another study.

Chemistry in other areas of agriculture:

Plastic pipes for improved irrigation : Plastic was derived from chemistry and this is widely used in agriculture. This has increased irrigation massively which results in a better environment for the crops to prosper in.

Storage and preservation of agriculture produce: Sulfur dioxide is used to keep grain fresh and useable for a longer period of time. Food preservatives like sodium benzoate and salicylic acid are used for longer shelf life. New generation refrigerants have been developed. Chemicals are added to promote the ripening of fruits or the germination of seeds. Food packaging has advanced due to the material produced by advancements in chemistry. Agricultural chemistry has increased the diversity of the human diet and has led to a greater overall availability of food, both animal and plant.

Food Processing: Development of Saccharin and sweeteners, Vitamins and minerals. Consumers have benefited from new technologies that have enhanced the flavor, appearance, availability, and nutritional value of their food.

Chemicals from agriculture waste: Advancement in Chemistry has resulted in development of technologies to produce a variety of chemicals from agricultural waste. Production of alcohol from bagasse which is used as the feedstock for chemicals is good example,

Conclusion:

Thus Chemistry has been and is still closely linked to the progress in agriculture field. It provides innovative new ways to widen the boundaries of agriculture and to combat potential problems and thus increasing productivity and quality of produce..

BFIT CELEBRATES 17th UTTARAKHAND FOUNDATION DAY

BFIT Group of Institution wishes the 17th Uttarakhand Foundation Day.

BFIT celebrates 17th Birthday of Uttarakhand establishment. Uttarakhand is known for the natural environment of the Himalayas, the Bhabhar and the Terai. On 9 November 2000, Uttaranchal became the 27th state of the Republic of India under the BJP government, after a long-drawn agitation.
, being created from the Himalayan and adjoining northwestern districts of Uttar Pradesh. In January 2007 the Uttaranchal turns into Uttarakhand, meaning “northern region,” which was the traditional name for the area.

Uttarakhand has two divisions : i) Garhwal  ii) Kumaon. It has 13 districts . Garhwal division has Dehradun, Haridwar, Chamoli, Rudraprayag, Tehri Garhwal, Uttarkashi, and Pauri Garhwal districts . Kumaon division has Champawat ,  Almora , Bageshwar ,  Nainital ,  Pithoragarh ,  Rudrapur districts . These districts have some of the highest Himalayan peaks located here.

Its peaks and valleys were well known in ancient times as the abode of gods and goddesses and source of the Ganges River that’s why  called Dev Bhoomi ” – “the Land of the Gods” because of the presence of a multitude of Hindu pilgrimage spots.

Krishna Kant Paul is the 6th Governor of the state. Trivendra Singh Rawat is a chief minister of Uttarakhand.  Expressing his good wishes to the people of Uttarakhand on the eve of the State foundation day, the Chief Minister Trivendra Singh Rawat elicited focus on a young Uttarakhand and a strong commitment. He said : Our state is full of opportunities with immense scope for tourism and wealth of forest and water resources. We are committed to building a new Uttarakhand.

 

A TRIBUTE TO SITARA DEVI ON HER 97th BIRTHDAY BY BFIT

“She chose a path less trodden and turned it into a road paved with gold as far as her dance was concerned. There will never be another Sitara Devi.”

Sita Devi is a Kathak dancer. She is known as “Kathak Queen of India” . She was hailed as the ” Nritya Samragni ” by Rabindranath Tagore in the age of 16. We give tribute to her on 97th Birthday. She was born on 8th Nov 1920 in Kolkata on Dhanteras that is why She was named Dhanalakshmi (Dhanno). Her father , Sukhdev Mahajan was scholar of Sanskrit. He taught & performed Kathak &  Bharata Natya Shastra in India. Her Mother, Matsya Kumari belongs to the Royal family of the Nepal .

She had two sisters named- Alaknanda & Tara and tow brothers named – Chaube & Pande. All had talent i.e Kathak, Bharata Natya Shastra, Sanskrit from their father.

Devi was to be married got married to to Nazir Ahmed Khan. She resisted, and wanted to be in a school. At her insistence, the marriage did not take place, and she was admitted into the Kamachha Garh High School.

As at that time there was not the craze of the Kathak to perform socially. Even, she entitled as the prostitutes. She got confidence by her father’s such statement: If Radha could have danced for the Lord Krishna, why not our girls? Her family changed their residence from Kolkata to Varanasi.

While at this school, she performed a dance drama based on the mythological story of Savitri and Satyavan . After the dance drama, the Aaj newspaper reported about the cultural program emphasising that a little girl name Dhanno had enchanted the audience by her dance performance. Dhanno was re-christened as “Sitara” means star.

In the age of 10 , she was giving solo performances. in the age of 11 her family was shifted to Mumbai. As soon she reached there , Devi gave a kathak performance in Atiya Begum Palace before a select audience, which included Rabindranath Tagore, Sarojini Naidu and Sir Cowasji Jehangir. She impressed Tagore who wanted her to give a special performance in Tata Palace of the Tata Group.   Tagore gave her a shawl and a gift of Rs. 50 as a token of her appreciation. Recalling those moments, Devi once said: “But as I thrust out my hand to receive gifts, I remember my father hugged me and whispered in my ear: ‘Don’t take only the gifts! He is a great man: ask for his blessings, girl!’ Obediently, I asked Gurudev to bless me that I would become a great dancer some day.”

When she was 12, Devi was recruited by Niranjan Sharma, a filmmaker and a dance director. She has been choreographer for Kathak since 1930s. Her choreography has given the new ways to the film industry. She gave dance sequences in some Hindi movies including her debut in Usha Haran 1940, Nagina 1951, RotiVatan 1938, Anjali 1957 (directed by Chetan Anand, brother of Dev Anand). In Mother India 1957, she performed a Holi dance dressed as a boy, and this was her last dance in any movie.

Devi was married to the director K. Asif then  Pratap Barot and has a son named Ranjit Barot .

She has performed in many corners of India as well as other countries. In 1967, she performed at Royal Albert Hall London and in 1976 at Carnegie Hall New York.

She has awarded with the Sangeet Natak Akademi award in 1969, the Padma Shree award in 1973, Kalidas Samman award in 1995 and Nritya Nipuna award by the then president R.Venkataraman. Some of her other awards are:

  • She got best actress award for the movie ‘Vatan’ and ‘Najam’ in 1943.
  • She has awarded for performing at the Royal Albert and Victoria Hall in 1967 and for prestigious Carnegie Hall, New York in 1976.
  • She has also awarded with the prestigious Sangeet Natak Akademy award and Padmashri award by the Indian government.

Sitara Devi refusing to accept padma bhushan award. “it is my insult and not an honour , i will not accept any award less than bharat ratna,” the artiste in her late seventies said reacting to honour bestowed upon her by the government. “little known people, who are younger to me have received padma vibhushan and i am being awarded padma bhushan,” she said and asked “is this the way to treat a leading artiste.”

She also danced Bharatanatyam, folk, Russian ballet and some type of western dances. She taught her Kathak style to some of the Bollywood film celebrities such as Madhubala, Mala Sinha, Rekha, Kajol and many more.

Sitara Devi, a Kathak legend, has honored with the Lifetime Achievement Award 2011 for her great contribution towards the classical Kathak over the six decades.

She died on 25 November 2014, at Jaslok Hospital in Mumbai, after a prolonged illness

She was a force of nature who refused to be pigeon-holed into any preconceived idea of what you expected her to be.

She was demure when she wanted to be and, more often than not, as fierce as a full force gale. ‘Never a dull moment’ is the phrase that jumps to mind.

 

“My Vision- Corruption Free India” Vigilance Awareness Week(30-10-2017 to 4-11-2017)

The Central Vigilance Commission, as part of its efforts to promote probity in public life and to achieve a corruption free society, observes Vigilance Awareness Week every year. The week in which 31st October, the birthday of late Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel falls is observed as Vigilance Awareness Week.

The 2017 Vigilance Awareness Week (VAW) will be observed by the Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) from 30th October to 4th November, 2017 with theme “My Vision-Corruption Free India”  (“मेरालक्ष्य – भ्रष्टाचारमुक्तभारत”). The Vice President of India Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu will be the Chief Guest at the Inaugural Function to be held on 30th October 2017. The purpose of observing VAW is to educate the public at large about the corruption related practices and also educating them how to report about it.

The observance of the Vigilance Awareness Week commenced with the Integrity Pledge by public servants in the Ministries/Departments/Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs)/Public Sector Banks (PSBs) and all other Organisations at 11.00 a.m.

The Central Vigilance Commissioner, Shri K.V. Chowdary said that the purpose of observing Vigilance Awareness Week is to educate the public at large about the corruption related practices and also educating them how to report about it.  

He said that it acts like a mass movement of involving people in saying no to corruption. Chowdary said that to give recognition to the reforms and good work done by the organization in the field of punitive, preventive and participative vigilance, the Vigilance Excellence Awards have been instituted in two categories from this year onwards.

The Commission is developing an Integrity Index based on benchmarking of internal processes and controls within an organization as well as management of relationships and expectations of external stakeholders.

Initially, Integrity Index will be developed for 25 organisations including Government organisations and PSUs. This Integrity Index will be developed with technical support from IIM, Ahmedabad.

 

Artificial Sun installed on the banks of Brahmaputra for Chhath Puja

Guwahati, October 26:

Surya Gold Cement, the popular cement brand of North-East; Dainik Purvoday, the leading Hindi Daily of North-east; Digital News Media TIME8 and local organization Yuva Bhartiya Sangha, Guwahati have installed a gigantic artificial sun on the banks of Mighty Brahmaputra on the occasion of Chhath Puja during 26-27 October. Around 200 halogen lights have been assembled on a large bamboo structure of height over 60 feet in circular shape resembling the light source glowing with hope and optimism about a high-tech and sustainable future. Artificial sun was today inaugurated by Assam State BJP President Ranjeet Kumar Dass in the presence of a large number of devotees just before the evening Arghya. Later DC, Kamrup (Metro) Dr. M. Angamuthu, IAS also graced the occasion. East Guwahati MLA Siddhartha Bhattacharya inaugurated the cultural ceremony in which singers from Bihar sang Bhojpuri and Chhath Puja songs.

Commenting on this initiative, Dr. Angamuthu said that Guwahati is changing very fast and this art installation named “Sun of Change” promises a better future for Guwahatians in days ahead. He said that district administration is fully committed to welfare and overall development of people of Guwahati. He extended warm greetings of Chhath Puja to all the devotees.

Commenting on this occasion, Madhur Agarwala, Managing Director, Surya Gold Cement said that their brand name is related to Surya and Chhath Puja is about worshipping the Sun God, so they decided to celebrate this occasion in innovative way and in this scale.

Utpal Kanta, CEO cum Economic Editor of Dainik Purvoday and Managing Editor of TIME8 thanked district administration, Surya Gold Cement management and members of organizing committee of Yuva Bhartiya Sangha for all the support in converting this noble concept into a reality.

Expressing joy over this grand initiative special invitee BJP spokesperson Pramod Swami said that this is the perhaps the first time in the world that an artificial sun in form of such a beautiful art installation has been installed during the Chhath Puja.

Chhath Puja is an ancient Hindu festival dedicated to the Sun and his wife Usha in order to thank them for bestowing the bounties of life on earth and to request the granting of certain wishes. Every year Chhath Puja is celebrated on the banks of Brahmaputra by the devotees.